Aristotles preferred term for the emotions was pathos [pl. pathe], which makes the emotions largely passive states, beamd inwardly a general metaphysical landscape distinguish busy and passive, form and egress, and actuality and potentiality. The pathe are first and foremost responses establish in the embodied fleshly to the out-of-door world, very a well(p)(a) deal like perceptions. They can thus be associated in the main with matter insofar as they represent capacities or potentialities that involve to be actualized by external causes, which also explains how they are enjoin at objects. Of course, the pathe are not pure potentialities. They are actualized in the amaze of an occurrent emotion, and even the mere capacity to experience pathe requires a classic form, a soul. Moreover, the pathe have close connections to action, and Aristotle treated them as movements of a sort. For all these reasons, the pathe can be attributed to the soul insofar as the soul informs a body. Yet since their causes lie outside of the animal who experiences them, the uncertainty arises whether and to what extent we can control them. That is a question addressed in several protestent ways by the most important Aristotelean texts on the pathe available to afterward ancient and medieval authors: the Nicomachean moral philosophy and Rhetoric.
Each serve presents lists of emotions, although where the Nichomachean moral philosophy serves up 11, the Rhetoric dishes out a full 14. They differ too in their aims and tenor: the Nichomachean morals is concerned with the place of the pathe within the economy of acting harmonize to our habits and desires a! s moderated by reason, whereas the Rhetoric concerns the arousal and management of pathe in the context of producing persuasion. In both cases, however, the pathe are treated as susceptible to intellectual influence and voluntary action, although not straightway subject to choice. The Nichomachean Ethics characterizes pathe as the feelings accompanied by joyousness or pain, tilt appetite,...If you want to get a full essay, order it on our website: OrderCustomPaper.com
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