Friday, October 18, 2019

Letter to the Superintendent Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Letter to the Superintendent - Essay Example Nevertheless, in spite of the acknowledged importance of teacher leadership, little if any is known about the pathways that teachers may follow and how they can be supported to develop as leaders. Therefore, understanding the efforts necessary to support teacher leaders is necessary. Levin (40) argues that, it is not only important to know what teachers do as leaders, but also gain understanding and in-depth descriptions of how leadership skills are developed. According to Donaldson (28), action research refers to a professional inquiry into a given situation. As the name suggests, action research is concerned with undertaking certain professional actions and its sole purpose is to understand and improve teachers’ leadership actions. In this letter, action research in education is therefore grounded on the working lives of teachers and how they experience their profession. The following are the identified action research projects that facilitate growth of teachers’ lead ership skills necessary to effect school reforms. Needs assessment The entire school reform process begins with identifying needs. Through use of rubrics and other resources, needs assessment will help in comparing leadership practices and reform programs of our school with best practices of the successful schools. The sole purpose of needs assessment is to lay out a comprehensive plan to improve student learning and performance. Teacher leadership is the process in which teachers collectively or individually influences principals, colleagues and other members of the school community to upgrade learning and teaching practices with the sole aim of increasing student learning and achievement. In addition, leadership is about action that transforms learning and teaching hence tying the school and the community together to advance quality of life and social stability (Froyd and Ohland 154). There are numerous ways in which teachers can actively engage as leaders, including mentoring new teachers, development and distributing of curriculum materials, coordinating professional development, participating in decision making among others. Strategic planning In response to the assessed leadership needs, the school will come up with a comprehensive strategic plan for developing teachers’ leadership skills. Ingram, Wolfe and Lieberman (480) observed that such strategic plans would have consensus on priority goals. Further, each priority goal will be aligned to school reform goals to facilitate the desired school reforms. Such strategic planning process will help the leadership teams to focus on priority goals that can help in capacity building for implementation of the entire school reform. Attending training workshops Teachers will undergo training workshops to hone their leadership skills as innovators, advocates and stewards. During the training period, teachers will have an in-depth review of leadership-related literature to try to understand the vast scope and the available avenues of teacher leadership and to find out potential solutions to different barriers. Developing customized goals and action plans Based on their interests, teachers will be expected to develop action plans on how to practice acquired leadership skills and the possible anticipated challenges likely to be faced. Enroll for relevant courses To support growth of leadership skills, teachers will enroll for graduate-level courses relevant to their lines of teaching. They will also

Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 words

Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini - Term Paper Example He was called by the title of II Duce by 1925 and after 1936 his official title was â€Å"His Excellency Benito Mussolini, Head of Government, Duce of Fascism, and Founder of the Empire.† He was also the top rank of military, First Marshal of the Empire besides the King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy, created by Mussolini himself, which offered him as well as the King joint highest control over the military of Italy. 1 Although initially Mussolini denounced war by writing in an article named â€Å"Down with the war. We remain neutral† but he found an opportunity in war for himself, his political ambitions and those of his countrymen. Mussolini was impressed by anti-Austrian Italian nationalist feelings thinking that the war could liberate Italians in 1 Austria-Hungary from the rule of Habsburgs. He raised his voice supporting socialists to win over the autocratic rulers in Germany and Austria-Hungary who were against socialism as per Mussolini. 2 A discussion on Mussolini is incomplete without analyzing the ideology he was committed to. Fascism and Mussolini seem to be the two sides of the same coin. Fascism was like a big river with a number of tributaries assimilating such as Nationalism, Futurism, and Syndicalism. Other than being a practical experiment in government, fascism inculcated a theory and a philosophy, and to an extent an art, a mysticism and a religion. As announced Mussolini, â€Å"Fascism has a doctrine, or, if you will, a philosophy with regard to all the questions which beset the human mind today,† adding further, â€Å"We play upon every chord of the lyre, from violence to religion, from art to politics.† ... y chord of the lyre, from violence to religion, from art to politics.† 3 The start of fascism was not grand as Mussolini himself formed the first Fascio di Combattimento in March, 1919, which erupted in the coming into being of the National Fascist party in November, 1921. The sensational march on Rome, which positioned the party safely in power, happened on 22 October. Fascism took a defensive posture with the murder of Matteotti in May1924 but from which it emerged strong. It has not since then seen backward; it went ahead with its creative program resulting in the great Labor Charter of April 1927, the most happening thing. 3 The inner reality of fascism did not match with the outward projections, as proletarian changed to bourgeois, and radical changed to conservative. Sedition turned to loyalty; left changed to right. The only thing that did not change was Mussolini. That’s why Mussolini has been blamed by opponents of being the arch-turncoat of history. He outsmart ed all others in his cheating to attain popular liberty. No one can deny that at one point of time Mussolini was a socialist, a republican, an atheist who overturned government but later became averse to all these. Mussolini once stood against all that was constitutional turned to become Authority incarnate. Even he rid himself off from pacifism and feminism. Such volte-face was Mussolini. It is said that overambitious nature of Mussolini was responsible for the ever-changing attire of thought leadership that Mussolini went on acquiring and relieving with. Supporters of Mussolini saw in him a political personality rich in creative thoughts that directed the course of happenings. Taking a decision in favor or against this blame on Mussolini making volte-face on ideologies without analyzing the events

Thursday, October 17, 2019

MACROECONOMIC Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words - 1

MACROECONOMIC - Essay Example Therefore, fiscal policy addresses matters relating to the government’s debts and expenditures. It provides an understanding about measures that a government takes to collect taxes and incur expenditures. Answer 2: Fiscal policy aims to affect the economy through changing spending and collection of the government’s revenue. It includes all measures that are involved to stimulate the economical activity (Vitek, 2012). The main objective is to stimulate the national income through aggregate demand (Vitek, 2012). There are three instruments of fiscal policy 1. Government revenue or taxation 2. Government expenditure or Government spending 3. Government debt and management or government deficit The main instrument of fiscal policy is taxation (Perry, et al., 2008). By increasing or decreasing the tax burden on the public, it can influence government revenue (Vitek, 2012). Increasing tax burden will increase the general prices that will result in reduction in cash flow in an economy. Contrary, decreasing tax will reduce the general prices resulting in an increase of cash flow. Y   The above diagram shows the effect of taxation on an economy. It shows the effect of increase (Da1) and decrease (Da2) of tax on an economy. When the tax is increased from Da2 to Da1 it results in lower equilibrium and vice versa. Government expenditure is another instrument of fiscal policy in order to encourage the economy to grow (Perry, et al., 2008). Government expenditure involves spending activities of the government in the country which promotes expansion of businesses and creation of job opportunities (Vitek, 2012). It mainly involves expansion of the governmental sectors like schools, infrastructure projects, industries, and hospitals etc. The above diagram shows two different autonomous investments. When AD1 is the investment, the national income is raised and when the autonomous investment is decreased to AD2 the equilibrium declines. Government deficit refers to spending more than the government’s revenues. Mainly, under-developed countries are deficit financed because the growth of the economy is poor (Perry, et al., 2008). This tool aids underdeveloped countries to improve their economic conditions and boost growth. Resources for deficit budget are met by borrowing referred to as deficit financing (Hansen, 2003). Answer 3: According to Australian national statistic, the Australian government decreased taxes which caused the government’s revenue to fall by five million dollars. Taxation relief was a substantial step by the Australian government to encourage growth in its economy. Decline of about two million tax revenue was due to ineffective tax collection from companies. According to the information, tax burden was increased for people having higher incomes. Taxation was levied on industries and large scale companies whereas small businesses had significant reliefs (Perry, et al., 2008). Moreover, heavy tax was imposed on the duty free cigarette which resulted in a major saving in the transfer payment that was being done for import of tobacco and cigarette. The Australian government seems to be more inclined towards reducing the taxation rate (Perry, et al., 2008). This tool of fiscal policy encouraged people to invest and spend. The decrease in the

What Makes People Attractive to Others Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words - 1

What Makes People Attractive to Others - Essay Example As adults, they are more likely to be married, can pull off more sex partners, earn a higher salary, and have a better job. People can naturally trust them, and some perceive them to be healthier and smarter. They are more likely to be elected if they go into politics. Have we ever considered why do we categorize some features as attractive and others as less attractive? According to scientific research, it is all dependent upon oxidative stress and anti oxidants. However, for some people it can be subjective. Therefore, this paper would discuss the essential aspects, which makes people attractive to others. People have researched on the different facets of being attractive. Research shows that an attractive person has many life advantages, which an unattractive person might be vulnerable to. Some researcher however thinks that being attractive is simply a learned criterion. The school of thought who opposes this theory argues that attraction to specific features is not learned. But over the period it has evolved as a way of distinguishing the virile from the weak. A lot of research has been done on this theory, and is hence supported. It suggested that if a person is attractive physically, then it depicts a biological signal of good health. Looking back at ancestral times, if any one feature of the partner would be attractive, it was considered as an omen for elongated survival (Dobson, 2010). A BBC study reveals that a newborn, just like an adult would be more fascinated to see an attractive face. In a research when an attractive and a less attractive picture was shown to an infant, he would look at the attractive picture for longer period of time as compared to the less attractive picture. This shows that everyone is born with a pre-programmed understanding of what makes a person attractive (Babies prefer beautiful faces, 2004). The old concept and expression which has batted for centuries is the concept of ‘opposites attract’. This idea can be considered as subjective when it comes to work, colleagues, or friends. This is because one generally does not like dealing with a person who are unlike of us. On the contrary, this concept can be considered ideal when it comes to love relationships. Research shows that on the Extraversion/Introversion and Judging/Perceiving scales, people are usually attracted to opposites. People who are exciting and different tend to attract us more naturally. It is more due to the quest of completion rather than the exciting difference that plays a role in being attracted to others. Every person has strengths and weaknesses. Individuals who possess strengths that are missing in us are more likely to be seen as attractive. This makes the couple a well rounded, functioning unit. This is how being attracted to opposites can make one as a more complete individual (Personality and Relationships). Apart from the biological features, the color, which a person opts to wear, might also play a vital role in being a magnet to attraction. If a man chooses to wear the color red so it makes him more attractive and desirable to woman. However, research shows that women are unaware of this arousing effect. According to a psychology professor, Andrew Elliot, the charm of cherry color makes men appear more powerful. He conducted a research through which he found that men who wear red are considered by women as higher in status, more likely to make money, and more likely to be social. Hence, the high status judgment makes a man attractive to women (University of Rochester, 2010). The question of beauty and attractiveness remains unanswered since the time humans have been civilized. Research shows that majority of men and women spend one-third of their income on

Wednesday, October 16, 2019

MACROECONOMIC Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words - 1

MACROECONOMIC - Essay Example Therefore, fiscal policy addresses matters relating to the government’s debts and expenditures. It provides an understanding about measures that a government takes to collect taxes and incur expenditures. Answer 2: Fiscal policy aims to affect the economy through changing spending and collection of the government’s revenue. It includes all measures that are involved to stimulate the economical activity (Vitek, 2012). The main objective is to stimulate the national income through aggregate demand (Vitek, 2012). There are three instruments of fiscal policy 1. Government revenue or taxation 2. Government expenditure or Government spending 3. Government debt and management or government deficit The main instrument of fiscal policy is taxation (Perry, et al., 2008). By increasing or decreasing the tax burden on the public, it can influence government revenue (Vitek, 2012). Increasing tax burden will increase the general prices that will result in reduction in cash flow in an economy. Contrary, decreasing tax will reduce the general prices resulting in an increase of cash flow. Y   The above diagram shows the effect of taxation on an economy. It shows the effect of increase (Da1) and decrease (Da2) of tax on an economy. When the tax is increased from Da2 to Da1 it results in lower equilibrium and vice versa. Government expenditure is another instrument of fiscal policy in order to encourage the economy to grow (Perry, et al., 2008). Government expenditure involves spending activities of the government in the country which promotes expansion of businesses and creation of job opportunities (Vitek, 2012). It mainly involves expansion of the governmental sectors like schools, infrastructure projects, industries, and hospitals etc. The above diagram shows two different autonomous investments. When AD1 is the investment, the national income is raised and when the autonomous investment is decreased to AD2 the equilibrium declines. Government deficit refers to spending more than the government’s revenues. Mainly, under-developed countries are deficit financed because the growth of the economy is poor (Perry, et al., 2008). This tool aids underdeveloped countries to improve their economic conditions and boost growth. Resources for deficit budget are met by borrowing referred to as deficit financing (Hansen, 2003). Answer 3: According to Australian national statistic, the Australian government decreased taxes which caused the government’s revenue to fall by five million dollars. Taxation relief was a substantial step by the Australian government to encourage growth in its economy. Decline of about two million tax revenue was due to ineffective tax collection from companies. According to the information, tax burden was increased for people having higher incomes. Taxation was levied on industries and large scale companies whereas small businesses had significant reliefs (Perry, et al., 2008). Moreover, heavy tax was imposed on the duty free cigarette which resulted in a major saving in the transfer payment that was being done for import of tobacco and cigarette. The Australian government seems to be more inclined towards reducing the taxation rate (Perry, et al., 2008). This tool of fiscal policy encouraged people to invest and spend. The decrease in the

Tuesday, October 15, 2019

Starbucks Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3250 words

Starbucks - Essay Example It is a public company with its headquarters in Seattle, Washington. Currently, Howard Schultz is the president, chairperson and CEO of the company (â€Å"About Us†). The organization is in restaurant business and serves whole-bean coffee, cold and hot beverages, instant coffee varieties, snacks, pastries and full-leaf teas. Apart from the major selling items, the stores also sell cold and hot sandwiches, packaged food products and other items such as, tumblers and mugs. The business operations are strategically diversified according to the customer trends, traffic as well as demands. For instance, Starbucks Evening offers varieties of wines, beers as well as appetizers after 4 pm. Another arm called Starbucks’s entertainment and brand, Hear Music, markets music, films and books. This is a strategic division with the objective of engaging consumers through different channels. Products and services are seasonal and change according to the store locality as well as local demands. It also reaches another set of target customers through its coffee and ice-cream range offered at various grocery stores. Starbucks’ mission statement is â€Å"to inspire and nurture the human spirit – one person, one cup and one neighbourhood at a time† (â€Å"Mission Statement†). At present, the company is planning to restructure by shutting down unprofitable chains and opening stores in new emerging markets. Also, market saturation is forcing Starbucks to use a more innovative and persuasive approach to reach consumers across various regions. The current report will start with profiling the company, evaluating the current situation and prospects for future. This will be followed by evaluation of the external environment and key success factors for the organization. Strategic Issue Situational Profile and Prospects The potential challenges in front of Starbucks are the increased competition from new and emerging retailers. These retailers may n ot have an identical concept as Starbucks, but they have been able to attract particular category of customers, especially those with low levels of loyalty. Overall economic conditions also pose a strategic challenge for the coffee giant. Starbucks is perceived as a luxury coffee parlour catering high-end customers and corporate professionals. With the recession hit, the company is experiencing loss in many of its store outlets even in prime locations across the globe. This has raised a doubt regarding the feasibility of the present strategic action plans. Also, being perceived as a high-end retail chain, offering discounts and other promotional benefits to increase sales might not go well with its loyal and regular customers (Koehn 25-45). The company’s business operations have also been criticized for over-diversification in recent years by offering products like, ice-cream and chocolates, which did not perform well in the market and negatively affected the bottom-line of t he company. The current strategic direction of Starbucks has also been critici

Monday, October 14, 2019

Snow White and the Huntsman Essay Example for Free

Snow White and the Huntsman Essay Snow white and the huntsman is the battle between beauty and innocence for fairest blood. This is a four star dark twist to the traditional fairy tale of the orphaned princess, Snow White (Kristen Stewart), and her escape from her step mother and evil Queen Ravenna (Charlize Theron). From the producers of Alice and the Wonderland, An Evil Queen, Ravenna, tricks, seduces, and kills the king; she takes the kingdom and rules with intimidation and magic. She draws her life force and youth from magic which is fuelled by the draining of other beautiful young hearts and souls. Her life is to be the fairest in all of the land yet another has come of age to surpass even the strongest magic. â€Å"She is life itself† Snow White, the late king’s daughter, was kept alive for many years in a tower in the castle since she was a little girl. Now she is what stands between Ravenna and immortality. â€Å"Be warned, her innocence and purity is all that can destroy you but she is also your salvation†. In a flurry of lust and luck, as well as her connection with Mother Nature, she escapes into the dark forest. The adventure begins as the Queen hires the Huntsman who knows the dangerous dark forest, to bring the princess back to her. The pursuit of Snow White, on an evil Queen’s quest for immortality – the princesses snow white heart. The pursuit of the princesses’ heart starts†¦ and ends with the flawless acting of Oscar winner Charlize Theron. The South African born Theron, known for her blonde hair and revengeful roles in Monster (Alieen Wuornos), and The Italian Job (Stella Bridger), graces the screen in a five star performance. She shows her versatility as a lead actress in her not revengeful but narcissistic character of Ravenna. This is portrayed in the second Mirror scene. Ravenna asks the Mirror â€Å"Mirror Mirror on the wall, who is fairest of them all?† The mirror tells her† My queen, you have defied nature and robbed it of its fairest root. But on this day there is one more beautiful than you.† She becomes angry as she longs to be the most beautiful in all the land. Ravenna’s last words to the king before she murdered him were â€Å"Men use women. They ruin us and when they are finished with us they toss us to the dogs like scraps†. Her conviction as an actress is authentic but what triumphs over that are her powerful actions that can convey an entire conversation in a simple movement. This is best seen where she is dragging herself out of the black goop after killing Snow White. She uses one hand and reaches, in vain, out to the Mirror as if to beg it to tell her she is most beautiful now the princess is dead. Even during her own near death moment her narcissistic personality shows though a very basic need for power and prestige. Allot of power and prestige of Ravenna comes to this movie through the main soundtrack ‘Breath of life’ by Florence and the Machine. After a drum beat beginning that sets the medieval mood, a choir and rhythmic beats adds a flare to the unique voice of Florence. Jon Dolan of the Rolling Stone reviews comments that it was â€Å"All doom-drum rush and endless-midnight orchestral sweep† Ravenna looking for her breath of life (I was looking for a breath of life, A little touch of heavenly light), but the world that had once turned on itself now turned on her and cried no (But all the choirs in my head sang, No oh oh). You can hear in the beat that she is fighting life itself. The casting of this movie was a mix of brilliance and flawed choices. Where Theron’s casting was no doubt the brilliance, Kristen Stewart as Snow White was the major flaw. Stuart, known to her fans as new girl Bella, from the Twilight saga, showed her incapability of holding a lead actress role. Unlike the role she played in twilight, she has no other main characters to hold her up. She drains the personality from Snow White in addition to the lack of importance felt in her character. This is predominantly seen in the â€Å"fight to the death† scene with Snow White and Ravenna. While Theron oozes fire and elegance, Stuart can’t seem to capture a believable character. Snow White is supposed to be innocence and humility in contrast to the Queens magic and pride. Her sharp angled face, greasy voice, and empty facial expressions she was a flawed choice by the directors. Drunk, bitter and half dead. The gorgeous Chris Hemsworth plays the in between of life and death as the Huntsman. Once being a small point in the original brothers Grimm fairy tale, Hemsworth’s huntsman has created a new take on the contrast between the two main roles. This is greatly shown when he is pulled out of a dirty tub of water with a hangover and a debt and he is brought to the queen’s throne. When the queen’s guards draw spears against him he says â€Å"Do me the favour, I beg of you.† He can’t stand to be alive because the Queens magic killed his wife for her youth. Finn tells the Huntsman â€Å"She screamed your name but you werent there. Now you can beg her forgiveness in the other world.† Now as Snow White lay dead the Huntsman begs for forgiveness from her â€Å"Im so sorry I failed you. Im so sorry. But youll be a queen in Heaven now and sit among the angels.† It’s his kiss and sorrow which awakens her from death itself. Colleen Atwood is a name that is very familiar in the movie designer world and with a BAFTA and OSCAR nomination is certainly one of the very important people in the makings of this movie. Some of the best designing seen this decade has come from Atwood who is known for her dark works in Dark Shadows (2012), Alice in the Wonderland (2010), Edward Scissorhands (1990) and The Silence of the Lambs (1991). Her epic fantasy costumes bring the film to a whole new gene of evil allure. From the Huntsman ancient clothes to the modern flare of Snow Whites traditional dress, Atwood’s best work has to be Ravenna’s wardrobe. A beautiful wedding dress fit for a Queen to an evil black cape fit for a Witch empress, the skilful dress of this movie would be the floor length silver dress. Worn in the scene in which she is stabbed with a dagger, this piece of art is exquisite, with the flared sleeves, fitted body, and square neck brings the vintage era setting to life. This dress would not be complete without being coupled with a fabulous collection of accessories including a black and silver choker with matching earrings, a purple pendant encrusted with silver on a beaded chain and a crown that mimics the one on the statue of liberty. The most powerful accessory would have to be the claws on her right hand. This simple yet vicious prop is used in small roles throughout the movie but the best example is when she uses her index claw to eat a raven heart. This will in no doubt send a delicate shiver of disgust down your spine. This dark, evil and beautiful movie is worth all its four stars. Even though Kristen Stewart’s performances as Snow White was not nearly up to par, if looked upon as the story of Ravenna’s demise, Theron more than makes up for what Stuart lacks. A story of Beauty, lust, pride and a quest for fairest blood, this is the must see the movie of 2012. â€Å"Lips red as blood, Hair dark as night, bring me your heart, my dear, dear Snow White.†